WAN Frame Encapsulation Formats WAN Encapsulation Protocols.

WAN Frame Encapsulation Formats
Examining the header portion of an HDLC frame will help identify common fields used by many WAN encapsulation protocols. The frame always starts and ends with an 8-bit flag field. The bit pattern is 01111110. The address field is not needed for WAN links, which are almost always point-to-point. The address field is still present and may be 1 or 2 bytes long. The control field is protocol dependent, but usually indicates whether the content of the data is control information or network layer data. The control field is normally 1 byte.

Together the address and control fields are called the frame header. The encapsulated data follows the control field. Then a frame check sequence (FCS) uses the cyclic redundancy check (CRC) mechanism to establish a 2 or 4 byte field.

Several data-link protocols are used, including subsets and proprietary versions of HDLC. Both PPP and the Cisco version of HDLC have an extra field in the header to identify the network layer protocol of the encapsulated data.
WAN Frame Encapsulation Formats

Examining the header portion of an HDLC frame will help identify common fields used by many WAN encapsulation protocols. The frame always starts and ends with an 8-bit flag field. The bit pattern is 01111110. The address field is not needed for WAN links, which are almost always point-to-point. The address field is still present and may be 1 or 2 bytes long. The control field is protocol dependent, but usually indicates whether the content of the data is control information or network layer data. The control field is normally 1 byte.

Together the address and control fields are called the frame header. The encapsulated data follows the control field. Then a frame check sequence (FCS) uses the cyclic redundancy check (CRC) mechanism to establish a 2 or 4 byte field.

Several data-link protocols are used, including subsets and proprietary versions of HDLC. Both PPP and the Cisco version of HDLC have an extra field in the header to identify the network layer protocol of the encapsulated data.
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