Making the Device Management Connection

Making the Device Management Connection
Typically, networking devices do not have their own displays, keyboards, or input devices such as trackballs and mice. Accessing a network device for configuration, verification, or troubleshooting is made via a connection between the device and a computer. To enable this connection, the computer runs a program called a terminal emulator.

A terminal emulator is a software program that allows one computer to access the functions on another device. It allows a person to use the display and keyboard on one computer to operate another device, as if the keyboard and display were directly connected to the other device. The cable connection between the computer running the terminal emulation program and the device is often made via the serial interface.

To connect to a router or switch for device management using terminal emulation, follow these steps:

Step 1:
Connect a computer to the console port using the console cable supplied by Cisco. The console cable, supplied with each router and switch, has a DB-9 connector on one end and an RJ-45 connector on the other end. (Older Cisco devices came supplied with an RJ-45 to DB-9 adapter. This adapter is used with a rollover cable that has an RJ-45 connector at each end.)

The connection to the console is made by plugging the DB-9 connector into an available EIA/TIA 232 serial port on the computer. It is important to remember that if there is more than one serial port, note which port number is being used for the console connection. Once the serial connection to the computer is made, connect the RJ-45 end of the cable directly into the console interface on the router.

Step 2:
With the devices directly connected via cable, configure a terminal emulator with the proper settings. The exact instructions for configuring a terminal emulator will depend on the particular emulator. For the purpose of this course, we will usually use HyperTerminal because most varieties of Windows have it. This program can be found under All Programs > Accessories > Communications. Select HyperTerminal.

Open HyperTerminal, confirm the chosen serial port number, and then configure the port with these settings:
Bits per second: 9600 bps
Data bits: 8
Parity: None
Stop bits: 1
Flow control: None

Step 3:
Log in to the router using the terminal emulator software. If all settings and cable connections are done properly, you can access the router by pressing the Enter key on the keyboard.

During the lab, you will have the opportunity to use several types of terminal emulators. Each one may be slightly different in appearance, but their uses are the same.

Making the Device Management Connection
Making the Device Management Connection
Making the Device Management Connection 
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